Glossary of angular movements possible at joints

Anatomical term

Description

Illustration

Flexion

Bending of a body part at a joint so that the angle between the bones is decreased

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Extension

Straightening of a body part at a joint so that the angle between the bones is increased

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Dorsiflexion

Upward movement of the foot so that feet point upwards

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Downward movement of the foot so

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Plantar flexion

that feet face downwards towards the ground

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(Continued )

Anatomical term

Description

Illustration

Adduction

Movement of a limb towards the midline

Abduction

Movement of a limb away from the midline

Rotation

Movement of a bone around an axis (180 degrees)

Circumduction

A circular movement of a joint (360 degrees)

Supination

Turning the hand so that the palm is facing upwards

Anatomical term

Description

Illustration

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Pronation

Turning the hand so that the palm is

facing downwards

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Eversion

Soles of the feet face outwards

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Inversion

Soles of the feet face inwards

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