Gall bladder

The gall bladder is a pear-shaped organ attached to the posterior and inferior surface of the liver by the cystic and bile ducts.

Bile is a thick alkaline liquid that is produced in the liver as a result of the breakdown of red blood cells. Bile is partially an excretory product and partially a digestive secretion. Bile salts (sodium and potassium) play a role in emulsification and the breakdown of large fat globules.

When worn-out red blood cells are broken down substances such as iron and globin are recycled but some of the bilirubin is excreted into the bile ducts. Bilirubin is eventually broken down in the intestines and one of its breakdown products gives the faeces the normal brown colour.

Hepatic ducts

Cystic duct

Gall bladder

Hepatic ducts

Cystic duct

Gall bladder

Common hepatic ducts

Common bile duct

Pancreatic duct

Common hepatic ducts

Common bile duct

Pancreatic duct

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