Blood vessels of the leg and foot

The aorta travels down the length of the trunk to the lower abdomen where it divides into two arteries which supply either leg. The femoral artery is the artery in the thigh, named after the thigh bone. At the knee the femoral

Deep femoral artery

Femoral artery

Arterial network of the knee

Popliteal artery

Peroneal artery

Anterior tibial artery

Dorsal metatarsal artery

Dorsal digital artery

Deep femoral artery

Femoral artery

Arterial network of the knee

Popliteal artery

Peroneal artery

Anterior tibial artery

Dorsal metatarsal artery

Dorsal digital artery

Posterior tibial artery

Plantar arch

Medial plantar artery

Posterior tibial artery

Plantar arch

Medial plantar artery

Fig 5.18 Arteries of the leg and foot

Great saphenous vein Femoral vein

Venous network of the knee

Anterior tibial vein Posterior tibial vein Small saphenous vein Plantar venous arch Dorsal metatarsal vein Dorsal venous arch Dorsal digital vein

Great saphenous vein Femoral vein

Venous network of the knee

Anterior tibial vein Posterior tibial vein Small saphenous vein Plantar venous arch Dorsal metatarsal vein Dorsal venous arch Dorsal digital vein

Fig 5.19 Veins of the leg and foot artery becomes the popliteal artery which divides into two below the knee. One of these arteries runs down the front of the lower leg and is called the anterior tibial artery, while the other runs down the back and is called the posterior tibial artery. This artery divides at the inside of the ankle becoming the medial plantar artery on the inside of the foot and the plantar arch on the sole of the foot. The anterior tibial artery becomes the doral metatarsal artery on top of the foot.

There is a network of veins in the foot that become the dorsal venous arch on top of the foot. This travels the inside of the foot to the ankle where it becomes the small saphenous vein. It continues up the back of the whole leg to the thigh where it is known as the great saphenous vein.

Two small veins called the anterior tibial veins travel up the front of the lower leg, while two veins, the posterior tibial veins, run up the back. These four veins converge just below the knee to become the popliteal vein at the back of the knee and then eventually the femoral vein in the thigh. The great saphenous vein and the femoral vein join at the groin and return to the heart via the inferior vena cava.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment