Anatomy physiology

therapy basics fourth edition



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British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this title is available from the British Library

ISBN: 978 1 444 109 238

First Edition published 1995 Second Edition published 2002 Third Edition published 2006 This Edition published 2010

Impression number 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Year 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010

Copyright © 2010 Helen McGuinness

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Cover photo from Ralph Mercer/Stone/Getty Images Illustrations by Kate Nardoni/Cactus Design and Illustration Ltd Typeset by MPS Limited, A Macmillan Company Printed in Italy for Hodder Education, An Hachette UK Company, 338 Euston Road, London NW1 3BH




Guide to students


Introduction to

anatomy & physiology

iChapter 1

cells and tissues


[Chapter 2

the skin, hair and nails


[Chapter 3

the skeletal system


(Chapter 4

the muscular system


■ Chapter 5

the cardiovascular system


[Chapter 6

the lymphatic system and immunity


[Chapter 7

the respiratory system


[Chapter 8

the nervous system


[Chapter 9

the endocrine system


[Chapter 10

the reproductive system


[Chapter 11

the digestive system


[Chapter 12

the urinary system





When I was preparing the original text of this book back in the early 1990s, I never dreamed it would be in circulation for more than 14 years and now be in its fourth networkable edition.

I would therefore like to extend my most significant thanks to my husband, Mark, for his love, support and understanding, constructive comments and his help in organisation of the files.

To my Mum (who sadly passed away earlier this year) and Dad for their love and words of encouragement and belief in my abilities.

To my dear friend Dee Chase for her constant love,support and encouragement throughout the revision of this book.

To Dr Nathan Moss for his original help in checking the accuracy of the text in the third edition.

I will always be greatly indebted to Deirdre Moynihan for her professional help and contributions throughout the preparation of the original text back in 1995.

To all the students, colleges and lecturers who've used this book over the past 14 years and who've been most encouraging and supportive of my work.

This book is devoted to our beautiful daughter Grace.

Guide to students

Dear Colleague,

This book has been designed for those studying beauty therapy, complementary therapies or any subject that requires a sound foundation knowledge of anatomy and physiology

This book has been completely revised to include new interactive features that can be accessed through Dynamic Learning Online (see the final page of this ebook for more information).

The introductory chapter explains the terms anatomy and physiology and introduces you to some of the anatomical terminology that you will need to become familiar with.

Each chapter gives an overview of each system and why it is of significance to a therapist, has a list of learning objectives and is full of interesting facts and information to help stimulate your learning.

At the end of each chapter, to help to put the subject into context, there is a link to other body systems, to show how the body systems work as a whole to keep us in balance, along with a revision summary.

As you study each chapter you are directed to accompanying digital material where you will find a range of activities to help test your learning. These include labelling drag and drop activities, interactive multiple choice questions and answers and animations.

Anatomy and physiology is a fascinating subject and I sincerely hope that you will enjoy learning using the variety of interactive resources provided.

Helen McGuinness

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