Who uses stimulants and Why they Do it

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Illegal use of stimulant drugs is widespread and affects many parts of modern society. There is little information available about the abuse of methylphenidate because agencies have only been collecting national data for about six years. Although methylphenidate abuse remains a problem, results from a U.S. study called "Monitoring the Future" show an overall decrease in use by high school students. That same study, which examined drug use data from 2001 to 2003, suggested that the number of adults taking this drug has remained the same. Another important study, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), showed a very slight decrease in use across all ages in the United States. Information from the Drug Abuse Warning Network shows that the number of people being treated in U.S. emergency departments has also been decreasing since 1995. Similar results have been seen in Canada.

METHAMPHETAMINE TRENDS

Illegal use and production of methamphetamine continues to be a major concern. According to the NSDUH, in 2003, about 1.3 million Americans 12 years of age and older used methamphetamine. The same survey showed that 10.4 million people have used meth in their lifetimes. Rates of use by teenagers in some states and Canadian provinces seem to be leveling off or decreasing. However, this change is often balanced out by increases in other groups.

Abuse of methamphetamine began in California and other Western states. It continues to spread eastward. As meth becomes widely available in more parts of the country, experts predict that more people will use it.

More law enforcement agencies are recognizing meth as their biggest drug threat. They say it is a bigger problem than cocaine and heroin. The National Drug Threat Survey has shown that methamphetamine-related crimes have risen. Also, in many parts of the country, more people are being arrested for making or selling meth. More people also are being treated for meth addiction. The costs related to cleaning up meth labs went from $2 million in 1995 to $16.2 million in 2003.

A new trend related to methamphetamine is a decrease in use of the powdered drug in favor of "ice," a more pure form. When law enforcement officials tightened rules surrounding meth production, the number of U.S.-based labs decreased sharply. As a result, more methamphetamine was smuggled in from Mexico. In Mexico, it is easier to get the ingredients to make large

The crystalline form of methamphetamine is an extremely pure form of the drug that may cause longer lasting and much more intense effects. Crystal meth can cause erratic, violent behavior, suppressed appetite, interference in sleeping behavior, tremors and convulsions, increased blood pressure, and an irregular heart rate. It is highly addictive.

amounts of methamphetamine. Mexican labs are usually bigger, and their "cooks" are well trained to produce ice. Like the spread of powdered meth, the spread of ice started in the West and moved eastward.

METHYLPHENIDATE USERS

Many different groups of people abuse stimulants. Methylphenidate is most widely abused by high school and college students. However, rates of use are quite low when compared with other drugs such as Ecstasy and marijuana. Methylphenidate is also sometimes mixed with Talwin to produce heroin-like effects. This combination is used more often by certain groups, such as prostitutes and people with lower incomes. Finally, there have been a few reports of teachers and nurses stealing methylphenidate from their students or patients.

Methamphetamine, like methylphenidate, often is abused by teenagers and young adults. But meth use has reached almost every part of society. Widespread

THE HIGH PRICE OF STIMULANT USE

What kind of stimulant it is Where it is purchased How pure it is How much is available

Cocaine is available in two common forms. Crack cocaine

THE HIGH PRICE OF STIMULANT USE

The street price of a stimulant depends on:

What kind of stimulant it is Where it is purchased How pure it is How much is available

Cocaine is available in two common forms. Crack cocaine

typically sells for about $110 per gram (0.035 ounces) in the United States and Canada. In other countries, such as Venezuela, it sells for only a dollar or two per gram. The second form of cocaine is more pure then crack cocaine. In the United States a gram of cocaine powder costs about $110. In Canada the price is typically around $59.80.

Cocaine may be purchased in smaller quantities. Crack is often sold in 0.1 to 0.2 gram dosages that are called "rocks".

These rocks range in price from about $10 to $25 in the United States and Canada. β€”β€”β€”-

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use began in the rave and dance scene, and within gay communities. Soon, meth was being abused by sex-trade workers and homeless people. People of all education and income levels now take meth. It is particularly popular among young girls and street youth. In the United

RITALIN

ECSTASY

Ecstasy costs about $25 a tablet in the United States and $8 in Canada. However, the typical price of a tablet can be as low as $3 (in the Dominican Republic) and as high as $100 (in Southeast Asia).

The street price of Ritalin is less variable than the prices of some other stimulants. In Canada and the United States, Ritalin typically sells for around $5 a tablet. When Ritalin and

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Talwin are sold together, the price increases to about $25.

METHAMPHETAMINE

One gram of methamphetamine typically costs about $97 in the United States and $75 in Canada. In some parts of Africa and Asia, methamphetamine costs only $1 per gram. On the other hand, in Japan, methamphetamine typically sells for almost $650 per gram.

Like cocaine, methamphetamine also can be bought in smaller amounts. A "paper" contains about 0.1 grams of methamphetamine and costs around $10 in the United States and $8 in Canada.

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States, methamphetamine use is highest among white and Hispanic people. It is also more common in towns and rural communities than it is in cities.

DRUGS IN DISGUISE

Sometimes, people become stimulant users without intending to. Drug dealers commonly mix metham-phetamine with other drugs, such as Ecstasy, marijuana, heroin, and ketamine. They do this to increase their profits or hook new users. Methylphenidate is often mixed with baking soda and disguised as cocaine.

REASONS FOR USE

There are many reasons why people abuse drugs. High school and college students use methylphenidate to focus and stay awake so that they can study. They also use it as a party drug. Methylphenidate produces the same sort of high as cocaine, but the high lasts longer and the drug costs less. The methylphenidate/Talwin combination is used as an alternative to heroin, which is more expensive.

People often use methamphetamine to give them extra energy. This helps them to work harder and get more done. People involved in the rave scene take meth-amphetamine because its long-lasting effects allow them to party all night long. Homosexual males use it to make sex better. Prostitutes, homeless people, and street youth take methamphetamine to decrease their needs for food, sleep, and shelter. The drug also allows them to "escape" from the reality of their lives. Young girls use methamphetamine to lose weight. Some people also use it to self-treat illnesses such as asthma, depression, and ADHD.

Peer pressure is another powerful reason for drug use. People, especially teenagers, often feel as if they need

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  • robyn compton
    Who uses amphetamines?
    2 months ago

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