www.espalda.org/english/divulgativa/su_espalda/escolares.asp. The Kovacs Foundation, a Spanish organization interested in promoting medical work, runs this site. This site reviews anatomy, etiologies, diagnosis, and exercises. It also provides the information in Spanish. www.spine-health.com/topics/cd/kids/kids01.html. This site has a medical advisory board from different areas related to spine care, which provide peer-reviewed patient information. Topics covered included spondylolysis, Scheuermann disease, scoliosis, and sports related back problems in children and teens. Calcium requirements during growth are also reviewed. Adult topics include back exercise, chronic pain, osteoporosis, surgical treatment, office furniture selection, and sleep advice. www.painconnection.org/MyTreatment/articles/BackAndNeck_Part_1.asp. This web site of the National Pain Foundation reviews common causes of adult and pediatric back pain, and discusses psychological factors related to chronic pain in pediatric patients and their treatment. www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/backpain.html. This is the site of the National Institutes of Health, with links to other sites. Many topics are covered including anatomy, etiologies, treatment strategies, exercises, and there are links to the American Academy of Orthopedics's website on childhood causes of back pain., backpack use (Nemours), and pediatric pain management (National Pain Foundation site). The website also provides explanations in Spanish. www.allaboutbackandneckpain.com/html/articles.asp. This site is managed by DePuy Spine Inc, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson. There are articles about spinal anatomy, back pain in athletes, scoliosis, and other etiologies. They describe the different radiographic imaging techniques used to evaluate back pain and provide information about medications and surgical treatment. The site states that it is intended for the U.S. audience.
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