Homicide

In Latin America, homicide is the leading cause of death for young males (3,99). In the United States, homicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescent males 15 to 19 years living in inner cities (100). Homicide becomes more likely to occur in the city and suicide in suburban America. The relative easy access to guns is a contributing factor in both types of deaths for American youth. Each year, four to five thousand 15- to 24-year-olds are murdered in the United States, for a death rate of 14-15 per 100,000; this is in contrast to a rate of 5.9 in 1960 (79,82).

Table 10 Suicide Deaths per 100,000 15- to 24-Year-Olds from 1991 to 1993

Country

Rate in males

Rate in females

United Kingdom

12.2

2.3

France

14.0

4.3

Ireland

21.5

2.0

United States

21.9

3.8

Canada

24.7

6.0

Australia

27.3

5.6

Finland

33.0

3.2

New Zealand

39.9

6.2

Russian Federation

41.7

7.9

Lithuania

44.9

6.7

Source: Adapted from World Health Organization data (www.unicef.org/pon96/insuicid.htm).

Source: Adapted from World Health Organization data (www.unicef.org/pon96/insuicid.htm).

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