Treatment Facilities

In accordance with national policy guidelines, a network of facilities was set up and various links were established with rehabilitation, law enforcement, and judicial structures. This process was worked out with public support; the aim has been to sustain every initiative to reduce the availability and demand for drugs.

Of the addicts served by the facilities, almost all are heroin abusers, some not yet dependent. Starting by weaning them from heroin with METHADONE, the facilities provide integrated and custom-designed programs founded mainly on nonpharmacological support.

A wide range of resources are available; 576 public facilities and 276 residential communities and sociorehabilitative structures (public, private, and voluntary—most of them situated in northern Italy). Voluntary services continue to increase in importance both in number and in regional distribution. The effectiveness of the facilities has been proved, since trained personnel and good records provide such statistics on trends (see Table 1).

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