The Effectiveness Of Drugabuse Treatment

Initial research in this 20-year project focused on ways of measuring characteristics of treatments, clients, and behavioral outcomes (see Sells & Associates, 1975). It was found that drug use and criminal activities decreased significantly during treatment, including outpatient as well as residential programs. More important, the effects continued after treatment was ended. A sample of 6,402 clients located across the United States were selected for follow-up an average of three years after leaving DARP treatment (and 83% were located). Metha-done maintenance, therapeutic communities, and outpatient drug-free programs were associated with more favorable outcomes among opioid addicts than outpatient detoxification and intake-only comparison groups; however, only clients who remained in treatment three months or longer showed significant improvements after treatment. Numerous studies of these data helped establish that treatment ''works'' and that the longer clients stay in treatment, the better they function after treatment (see Simpson & Sells, 1982).

Drug Addiction

Drug Addiction

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