Strategy Success

The success of the U.S. strategy for potential source and transit countries is predicated on building long-term institutions in these countries that work with the United States. However, the political destabilization of Colombia in the late 1990s is a potent reminder that policies can produce unintended consequences; the success of Bolivia and Peru in reducing coca cultivation triggered changes in Colombia that dwarf the problems of the previous decade.

To be successful, U.S. agencies must expand their efforts in the Pacific and the Caribbean to (1) collect and process intelligence; (2) help the transit countries develop their own intelligence collection, sharing, and dissemination capabilities; (3) help these countries take action on their own to apprehend traffickers and seize drug shipments; and (4) direct bilateral and multilateral efforts against drug trafficking Money Laundering, asset forfeiture, chemical diversion, and drug shipments. However, critics point out that the drug supply can never be stopped and that interdiction efforts are largely a waste of money. They argue for demand-reduction programs in the U.S. However, U.S. policy remains firmly committed to reducing the passage of drugs through transit countries.

(See also: Crop Control Policies; Drug Interdiction; International Drug Supply Systems; U.S. Government)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bureau of International Narcotics Matters, U.S. Department of State. (1992). International narcotics control strategy report (INCSR). Washington, DC: Author.

White House Office of National Drug Control Policy. (2000). National drug control strategy: 2000 annual report. Washington, D.C.

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