Skin Damage And Drugs

Complications: Dermatological

SLANG AND JARGON Slang terms in the drug subculture are constantly changing, as its ethnic, social, and demographic composition changes and as new illicit drugs roll in and roll out with the tides of fashion, including geographical variations. Yet certain terms show a remarkable durability such as some of those for heroin (trademarked Heroin in Germany, 1898)—a narcotic that has been a staple street anodyne since the early 1900s. Other drug-related terms have come into the mainstream to become a permanent part of the English language, e.g., yen, hooked, pad, spaced out, high, and hip. Many of the following words had been in use during much of the twentieth century (a few antiques of sociological or historical interest are included) and some are the product of the 1980s and 1990s. origins, if known, are given.

a amphetamines, a stimulant a-bomb, bomb LSD, a hallucinogen acid [a shortening of d-lysergic acid diethylamide; since about 1960] LSD Adam [originally named to connote a primordial man in a state of innocence] MDMA, a mild hallucinogen. See ecstasy below amp [from ampule—the drug is sold in small glass ampules, which are broken open and the contents inhaled] amyl nitrite, a dilator of small blood vessels and used in medicine for angina pains; used illicitly to intensify orgasm or for the stimulation effect amps amphetamines angel dust [since the 1970s] phencyclidine (a brand name is Sernyl), an anesthetic used on animals but originally on humans; discontinued because of bizarre mental effects. See PCP below bagging taking an inhalant by breathing it from a bag base the pure alkaloid of cocaine that has been extracted from the salt (cocaine hydrochloride), in the form of a hard white crust or rock. See crack and rock below batu crystalline methamphetamine beamed up [from ''Beam me up, Scotty,'' an expression used in the television series Star Trek; Scotty is also a term for crack cocaine; on a mission means looking for crack] intoxicated by crack beamer a crack addict beans dextroamphetamines beast LSD

beat [from the idea of beating—cheating— someone] a bogus or mislabeled drug or a substance resembling a certain drug and sold as that drug (soap chips as crack; metham-phetamine or baking soda as cocaine; catnip as marijuana; PCP as LSD, mescaline, or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—the active principle of marijuana; procaine as cocaine) big H heroin big C cocaine blank nonpsychoactive powder sold as a drug black beauties amphetamines black tar heroin blast a drag of crack smoke from a pipe blotter [doses of the drug are dripped on a sheet of blotter paper for sale] LSD blow (1) to sniff a drug (2) cocaine (3) to smoke marijuana (''blow a stick'') blue heavens methaqualone (a sedative) pills bone a marijuana cigarette; a joint boom marijuana boomers hallucinogenic mushrooms containing psilocybin booze alcohol bottles vials or small containers for selling crack boy heroin breakfast cereal ketamine. See K below brown heroin from Mexico diluted with brown milk sugar (lactose), which is less pure than China white. Also called Mexican mud brown sugar heroin buds [from the appearance] marijuana or sinsemilla (a hybrid variety of marijuana; see sinse); a quantity for sale consisting mainly of the more potent flowering tops of the marijuana plant (Cannabis sativa) bump (1) cocaine. (2) crack. (3) fake crack.

(4) hit of ketamine. See K below. bush [from the righteous bush] marijuana bust [from 1930s Harlem slang for a police raid, perhaps a shortening of busting in] arrest button [from the shape of the appendages to the peyote cactus containing mescaline] peyote or San Pedro cactus buzz, buzzed [from buzz, onomatopoeic equivalent of subjective feeling; the onset of the drug sometimes causes buzzing in the ears] (1) high on marijuana. (2) an inferior high from heroin C cocaine candy cocaine caps hallucinogenic mushrooms chalk [from the appearance] crystal metham-

phetamine or cocaine Charlie cocaine chasing the dragon [from a Chinese expression for inhaling fumes of heroin after heating it; the melting drug resembles a wriggling snake or dragon] (1) inhaling heroin fumes after the substance is heated on a piece of tinfoil. (2) smoking a mixture of crack and heroin cheba marijuana

China white [from China (Indochina) white or white stuff = heroin; since the 1970s]

(1) relatively pure heroin from Southeast Asia.

(2) analogs of fentanyl (Sublimaze), an opioid more potent than heroin and sold on the street as China white chipping, to chippy using heroin occasionally, avoiding addiction chronic marijuana cocoa puff [pun on the name of a chocolate-flavored breakfast cereal] a joint, to which cocaine has been added coke cocaine cola [a word play on coke, cocaine, and CocaCola, cocaine is derived from the coca (not the kola) plant] cocaine cold turkey [from the gooseflesh that is part of abrupt withdrawal] by extension, ending a drug habit without medicinal or professional help, ''going cold turkey'' coming down [from a high] losing the effects of a drug, all the way down to crashing connect [from the connection, a drug pusher] cocaine importer or wholesaler, who fronts (consigns) cocaine to a supplier, who in turn distributes to a street retailer. See dealing, mule, runner, steerer, touting cop [from British slang of the 1700s; to obtain, to steal, to buy; since the 1890s] to get or purchase illicit drugs cop a buzz get high copping zone an area where drugs are sold crack [from the crackling sound when smoked in a pipe] pebbles of cocaine base that are smoked crack house house or apartment (sometimes, an abandoned building) where crack-cocaine is sold and smoked on the premises 24/7— twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week crank crystal methamphetamine crank lite [from crank, because of the amphetamine-like stimulant effect + lite, meaning lighter, as in low-alcohol beer] ephedrine, a stimulant used in nonprescription medicines as a decongestant, which is lighter than amphetamines crash, crashing to come all the way down from a drug high cross roads [from the scored cross on the tablets] amphetamines crystal [in powder form] methamphetamine or cocaine crystal supergrass marijuana with PCP cut to add adulterants to a drug—extending it to make more money in selling it (some adulterants are relatively harmless, some toxic) date rape drug Rohypnol, called roofies. Women at parties may have this tasteless, odorless drug slipped into their drink. After they lose consciousness, they may be raped and later have no memory of the incident. deadeye blank stare produced by an overdose of phencyclidine (PCP) or other drug dealing [from dealer, a person who sells drugs;

since the 1920s] selling drugs of all kinds designer drugs synthetic compounds or drug analogs that produce the effects of certain regulated drugs but have slight differences in chemical composition to evade the regulatory law; e.g., analogs of fentanyl (China white); analogs of amphetamine and methampheta-mine such as MDA, MDMA (ecstasy), TMA, MMDA, MDE (Eve), MBDB; and toxic byproducts of the synthetic opiate meperidine (Demerol) such as MPTP and MPPP dexies dextroamphetamines ditch veins on the inside of the arm at the elbow, a site for injecting heroin. See tracks below do drugs take or use illicit drugs doobie a marijuana cigarette; a joint dope [from Dutch doop, sauce (from dopen, to dip). In the late nineteenth century, the term came to be applied to opium, a black gum shaped into pellets and smoked in a pipe] (1) drugs (2) marijuana (3) heroin and other illicit drugs (4) intoxicating fumes of airplane fuel, glue (5) Coca-Cola dope fiend [opprobrious term for narcotic and illicit drug users since the early 1900s; the term is used ironically by drug users to defy the social stigma] drug user, drug abuser, drug addict dosing slipping a hallucinogenic drug into punch, brownies, etc., so that it will unwittingly be consumed by others drag to draw or pull on smoke from a cigarette, pipe, or other item, ''to take a drag''; to convey that smoke into one's throat and lungs. See toke below drop to swallow LSD or a pill dugie, doojee [phonetic] heroin dust PCP

dusting (1) mixing either cocaine with tobacco in a cigarette or mixing heroin or opium with marijuana or hashish in a joint. (2) smoking PCP

ecstasy, extacy [from the euphoria, heightened sensuality, intensified sexual desire attributed to the drug experience] MDMA (methylen-edioxymethamphetamine), a mildly halluci nogenic drug synthesized from methampheta-mine and resembling mescaline and LSD in chemical structure eightball an eighth of an ounce of cocaine elephant tranquilizer PCP Emilio [as in Emilio and Maria (Mary), from

Mary Jane] marijuana energize me give me some crack equalizer pebbles of crack-cocaine Eve [variant of Adam, MDMA or ecstasy] MDE, a mild hallucinogen derived from amphetamine. Adam and Eve is a compound of MDMA + MDE = MDEA (n-ethyl-MDA or 3,4,methylene + dioxy-N-ethylam-phetamine) exing taking ecstasy fix (1) a needed drug dose to hold off withdrawal

(2) a shot of heroin. See shoot below flake [from the appearance] (1) cocaine hydro-chloride (2) the sediment off a rock or chunk of cocaine

Flying Saucers [trade name] hallucinogenic seeds of a variety of morning glory forget pill Rohypnol. See roofies below freebase [the psychoactive alkaloid, the base, has been freed or extracted from the cocaine hydrochloride] (1) crystals of pure cocaine. (2) to prepare the base; to smoke it frost freak one who inhales the fumes of Freon, a coolant gas, to get high funky green luggage a supply of marijuana in one's baggage G gamma-hydroxybutyrate. See GHB below GHB gamma-hydroxybutyrate; clear liquid, white powder, tablet, or capsule often combined with alcohol; used mainly by adolescents and young adults, often at nightclubs and raves. GHB is usually abused either for its intoxicating/sedative/euphoriant effects or for its growth hormone-releasing effects, which can build muscles. gangster marijuana ganja [from gaja, Hindi word for India's potent marijuana, consisting of the flowering tops and leaves of the hemp plant, where most of the psychoactive resin is concentrated] marijuana garbage can drug user who takes anything, everything, combinations Georgia gamma-hydroxybutyrate. See GHB below ghost LSD

girl cocaine glass crystalline methamphetamine gluey one who inhales glue fumes goofing [from goofballs = barbiturates, and from goof, to act silly, stupidly, heedlessly] under the influence of barbiturates grass marijuana chopped up line for smoking, which looks like dried grass green [harvested hemp leaves that are not properly cured; also, the lower leaves of the hemp plant, which contain a smaller proportion of the psychoactive resin] (1) marijuana of low potency, e.g., Chicago green. (2) ketamine, an anesthetic similar to phencyclidine (PCP) but milder in its effects, which is sprinkled on parsley or marijuana and smoked grievous bodily harm gamma-hydroxybu-

tyrate. See GHB above H heroin; also Big H

hash, hashish the concentrated resin of the marijuana plant, containing a high percentage of the active principle, tetrahydrocannabinol

hash oil liquid extracted from hashish, providing a more potent dose of the active principle and more easily transported in vials. It produces more sedation and deeper states of reverie than does hashish Henry, Harry heroin herb [used to connote a benign natural substance] marijuana herbal ecstasy herbal combinations marketed as a ''natural high'' that can be legally purchased over the counter in drug stores, music stores, and other shops. The active ingredients include caffeine and ephedrine. high [from the sense of euphoria, being above it all, detached from unpleasant reality] intoxicated by a drug hip [from laying (on) the hip, to smoke opium— the addict lay on his side on a pad in an opium den—hence an opium user and then extended to illicit drug users. In the alienated subculture of the jazz scene of the 1930s and 1940s, using drugs was expected and made one keenly informed or hip—originally hep — until ''squares'' adopted the word] sophisticated, knowing, ''in''; possessing taste, knowledge, awareness of the newest, and a lifestyle superior to that of conventional people hit (1) an injection of a narcotic. (2) a snort of cocaine. (3) a drag from a crack pipe. (4) a toke of marijuana. (5) to adulterate (cut) a drug. (6) a dose of LSD hog [from its original use as a veterinary anesthetic] phencyclidine (PCP) home boy gamma-hydroxybutyrate. See GHB

above hooch alcohol horse heroin hot shot a potent dose of heroin sufficient to kill;

heroin laced with cyanide huff to inhale ordinary household products to get high. Users huff directly from the container or from inhalant-soaked rags, socks, or rolls of toilet paper. Inhalants include model airplane glue, nail polish remover, cleaning fluids, hair spray, gasoline, the propellant in aerosol whipped cream, spray paint, fabric protector, air conditioner fluid (freon), cooking spray and correction fluid. ice extremely pure and addictive smokable form of crystalline methamphetamine J, jay [from joint] a marijuana cigarette jelly babies or beans amphetamine pills joint [from joint as part of paraphernalia for injecting narcotics—particularly the needle; since the 1920s] a marijuana cigarette jonesing [after John Jones, the British physician who first described opiate withdrawal in 1700] withdrawal from addiction; by extension, craving any drug juice steroids

Julio marijuana. See Emilio and Mary Jane junk [from junker, a pusher or peddler; since the 1920s. Also possibly from a word for opium— a play on junk, a Chinese boat—which was later extended to all narcotics] heroin (which is derived from opium) K, super K, special K, Vitamin K ketamine, an anesthetic similar in structure to PCP. First synthesized by a pharmaceutical company in the early 1960s, powdered ketamine emerged as a recreational drug in the 1970s. It became Vitamin K in the underground club scene in the 1980s and Special K in the 1990s rave scene.

keester plant [from keester, rump, and plant, to place] drugs in a rubber container or condom concealed in the rectum Ketaject, Ketalar ketamine. See K above kick the gong (around) to smoke opium (especially in a Chinese opium den) kick the habit [related to kick it out—to suffer withdrawal symptoms, which include muscle spasms in the legs and kicking movements from hyperactive reflexes in the spinal cord] (1) abrupt withdrawal from a drug to which one is addicted. (2) to conquer drug dependence kif marijuana killer joints marijuana with PCP kind buds potent marijuana. See buds above LA coke ketamine. See K above la roche Rohypnol. See roofies below lady cocaine laughing gas nitrous oxide lid [from the now obsolete practice of selling a measure of marijuana in a pipe tobacco tin] an ounce of marijuana, usually sold in a plastic bag line (1) a thin stream of cocaine on a mirror or other smooth surface, which is sniffed through a quill—a rolled matchbook cover, tube, straw, or tightly rolled dollar bill, etc. (2) a measure of cocaine for sale liquid ecstasy gamma-hydroxybutyrate. See GHB above luding out [from ludes, short for Quaaludes (a brand name for methaqualone, an addictive sedative)] taking methaqualone. Lyle [from lysergic acid] LSD magic mushrooms hallucinogenic mushrooms mainline [from main line, a major rail route; since the 1920s] (1) the large vein in the arm; the most accessible vein. (2) v. to inject morphine, heroin, or cocaine into any vein Mary Jane, MJ, Aunt Mary marijuana MDMA ecstasy meth methamphetamine microdot acid

Mexican brown marijuana from Mexico Mexican mud brown heroin from Mexico. See brown above mind altering the claimed mental effects of hallucinogenic drugs—altered or intensified states of perception mind expansion [related to psychedelic, mindmanifesting; a descriptive term for hallucinogenic drugs coined in the 1960s] the claimed mind-altering effects of hallucinogenic drugs, including greater spirituality, en-

hanced self-awareness, and increased sensitivity to music, art, and nature; also synesthesia—cross-sensations, such as "seeing" music or "hearing" colors Miss Emma morphine monkey on one's back desperate desire for drugs; addiction; craving moon [from the shape of slices of the bud of the peyote cactus] peyote moonrock heroin mixed with crack for smoking Moroccan candy [majoun (Arabic) is candy laced with hashish, sold in Morocco, Afghanistan] hashish. See hash above mud heroin mule (1) a low-level drug smuggler from Latin America; mules often swallow a condom filled with cocaine to be delivered at a destination— a dangerous practice called bodypacking. (2) heroin new Ecstasy ketamine. See K above night train PCP nose candy cocaine opium den [from den, an animal s lair. The term was coined by Westerners in nineteenth-century China, to have lurid connotations] a place where opium is smoked. Chinese laborers brought the practice of smoking opium to America during the gold rush of 1849 and the 1850s and the building of the transcontinental railroad ozone PCP

pad [from the mats in opium dens on which the smokers reclined and slept. In the 1930s, Harlem apartments where marijuana was sold and smoked while reclining on couches or mattresses were called tea pads] (1) private place for taking drugs; a variant is crash pad, a place for recovering from the effects of a meth-amphetamine run (period of extended use); the user collapses (crashes) into an exhausted sleep. (2) by extension, since the 1950s, any dwelling place, room, apartment PCP [from PeaCe Pill] phencyclidine (brand name Sernyl), a veterinary anesthetic that induces bizarre mental states in humans peace pill PCP

pearls [medical nickname] amyl nitrite ampules Persian white fentanyl. See China white above p-funk, p-dope [p stands for pure] fentanyl. See China white above

PG paregoric, a traditional diarrhea remedy containing opium. piece hashish, a form of marijuana. See hash above pill popping [from popping something into one's mouth] promiscuous use of amphetamine and barbiturate pills or capsules. One who does this is a popper and may be a garbage can pit veins on the inside of the arm at the elbow, a main site for injecting heroin and the place to look for tracks. See ditch above pop to inject. See shoot below poppers [the glass ampule is popped open and the contents inhaled] amyl nitrite ampules pot [frompotaguaya, a Mexican-Indian word for marijuana] marijuana psychedelic heroin ketamine. See K above pusher [extension from pusher—a person who circulates counterfeit money; since the 1920s] drug seller, drug dealer. See dealing above quas, quacks [from Quaalude, a brand name of methaqualone] methaqualone pills, an addictive sedative Raoul cocaine rave an all-night underground party, usually frequented by teens and college students. Raves are characterized by techno music and often designer drugs, especially Ecstasy. reds, red birds [also called red devils, red jackets, red caps—from the color of the capsules] Seconal (a brand of secobarbital) capsules reefer [from grifa, a Mexican-Spanish word for marijuana] (1) a marijuana cigarette. (2) marijuana rhoids steroids rib Rohypnol. See roofies below righteous bush marijuana plant ringer [from the idea of ''hearing bells''; bells is a term for crack] powerful effect from a hit of crack roach [from its resemblance to a cockroach] the butt (end) of a marijuana cigarette rock [from the appearance](1) large crystals or a chunk of pure cocaine hydrochloride. (2) crack. See base above rocket fuel PCP

roofies, rophies, ruffies, roach, R2, roofenol

Rohypnol, the brand name for the powerful sedative flunitrazepam. The pills are often used in combination with alcohol and other drugs.

rope Rohypnol. See roofies above runner a messenger (often a juvenile) who delivers drugs from the seller to the buyer (not to be confused with a drug runner, a smuggler) rush the quick initial onset of orgasmic sensa-tions—of warmth, euphoria, and relaxation after injecting or inhaling heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine scag heroin schoolboy (1) codeine, a derivative of opium with relatively low potency, used as a cough suppressant and analgesic. (2) morphine Scotty crack-cocaine. See beamed up above script prescription for a drug, often forged by addicts script doctor a physician who will provide a drug prescription for a price—or one who is deceived into providing one shabu crystalline methamphetamine shake [the mixture is made by shaking the drug and the adulterant] (1) cocaine adulterated (cut) with a harmless substance such as mannitol. (2) loose marijuana left at the bottom of a bag that held a pressed block of marijuana.

sheet (acid) [from decorated blotter paper containing doses of the drug] LSD shit heroin shoot inject a drug; also shoot up a fix or a shot

(usually of heroin) shooting gallery place where heroin addicts shoot up and share needles and other works (paraphernalia) shoot the breeze inhale nitrous oxide (called laughing gas). shrooming high on hallucinogenic mushrooms shrooms hallucinogenic mushrooms Sid a play on the s-d sound of LSD sinse [from sinsemilla, without seeds] a hybrid variety of marijuana; also called ses skin popping [from pop, to inject] injecting heroin or any psychoactive drug subcutane-ously (rather than into a vein), a practice of casual (chippy) users. skunk marijuana smack [perhaps from shmek, Yiddish word for sniff, whiff, pinch of snuff; since the 1910s, when heroin users sniffed the drug; in the

1920s and 1930s, some Jewish mobsters were involved in heroin trafficking] heroin smoke marijuana snappers [the ampule containing the drug is snapped open] amyl nitrite capsules snob [from the idea of an elite—expensive—

drug] cocaine. snop marijuana snort to sniff a drug snow [from the appearance; also, the drug is a topical anesthetic and numbs the mucous membranes] cocaine hydrochloride. snowbirds cocaine soapers [from Sopor, the brand name of a sedative, now taken off the market] methaqualone pills space basing or space blasting smoking a mixture of crack and phencyclidine (PCP) speed (1) amphetamines (2) caffeine pills (3) diet pills speedball [first used by GIs during the Korean War] injected mixture of heroin and cocaine. splif a fat marijuana cigarette spook heroin squirrel a mixture of PCP and marijuana sprinkled with cocaine and smoked stash extension of stash, hobo argot for hiding place; since the 1800s (1) hiding place for drugs. (2) a supply of drugs. (3) v. to hide drugs steerer member of a cocaine or heroin crew who directs people to the seller stepped on adulterated or cut stick a marijuana cigarette street drugs drugs purchased from sellers on the street; hence, of dubious quality strung out severely addicted sugar cubes LSD

sunshine [from the type sold as an orange-colored tablet] LSD super grass [the powder is sometimes mixed with parsley or marijuana and smoked] keta-mine. See green. tabs [from tablet, a form in which the drug is sold] LSD tea marijuana

Thai stick potent marijuana from Thailand thing (1) heroin. (2) pl. an addict's works—the hypodermic needle (needle and syringe) tic [from THC] fake tetrahydrocannabinol toke a drag on a marijuana cigarette tooies [from Tuinal, a brand name for a preparation containing amobarbital and secobarbital] sedative capsules toot (1) to sniff cocaine. (2) cocaine. (3) a binge, especially a drinking bout or spree (since the late 1700s)

touting (1) purchasing drugs for someone else. (2) advertising, hawking, drugs that one is selling tracks a line of scabs and scars from frequent intravenous injections. See pit and ditch above tripping [from trip, in the sense of a psychic

''journey''] taking LSD trips (1) LSD tablets (2) periods under the influence of various drugs, usually hallucinogens turkey [from turkey, a jerk; or from a theatrical failure or flop] (1) a nonpsychoactive substance sold as a drug. (2) the seller of such phony substances turn on take drugs, especially hallucinogens ups, uppers amphetamines V, Vs Valium (a brand name for diazepam, a tranquilizer) tablets wasted [from waste, a street-gang term since the 1950s, meaning to kill, beat up, destroy]

(1) severely addicted to the point of mental and physical depletion (2) extremely intoxi-cated—out of it, beyond caring weed marijuana whack (1) to adulterate heroin, cocaine, or other drugs. (2) an adulterant (3) phencyclidine (PCP). (4) to kill whiff [from the idea of smelling or shiffing] cocaine white or white stuff heroin white beanies amphetamines white lady, white [from the color] cocaine window pane [the drug is sometimes sold in a clear plastic square; also of a greater potency, providing a more intense experience and non-structured sensations—''opening a window on reality''] LSD wired (1) extremely intoxicated by cocaine.

(2) anxious and jittery from stimulants (may be related to amped, a play on amphetamines and amperes)

woola [phonetic spelling] a joint containing a mixture of marijuana and crack works equipment or paraphernalia for injecting drugs

yellow jackets [from the color of the capsules] Nembutal brand of pentobarbital yen [from English slang yen-yen, the opium habit, based on Cantonese in-yan (in, opium + yan, craving); since the 1800s] any strong craving zenes [short for Thorazine, a brand name for chlorpromazine] tranquilizer pills zombie (1) crack cocaine. (2) phencyclidine

zooted up high on crack-cocaine

(See also: Argot; Yippies)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Lingeman, R. (1974). Drugs from a to z, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Mencken, H. L. (1967). The American language, abridged with new material by Raven I. McDavid Jr. New York: Knopf.

National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2000). http://www.health.org/.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), United States National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2000), http://www.nida.nih.gov/NIDAHome2.html.

Partnership for a Drug-Free America, (2000). Drug-free resource net, http://www.drugfreeamerica.org/

Partridge, Eric. (1961). A dictionary of the underworld. New York: Bonanza.

Seymour, R. B., & Smith, D. E. (1987). Guide to psychoactive drugs: An up-to-the minute reference to mind-altering substances. New York: Harrington Park Press.

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United States Office of National Drug Control Policy (2000). http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/ prevent/prevent.html.

Wentworth, H. & Flexner, S. B. (1968). The pocket dictionary of American slang. New York: Pocket Books.

Williams, Terry. (1989). The cocaine kids. New York: Addison-Wesley.

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