Opioids And Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Crib Death

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as the sudden and unexpected death of an infant between one week and one year of age, whose death remains unexplained after a complete autopsy examination, full history, and a death-site investigation. Compared to an incidence of approximately 1.5 per 1,000 live births in the general population, narcotic-exposed infants appear to have an increased risk of SIDS. Other high-risk factors for SIDS, such as low socioeconomic status, low birth-weight, young maternal age, black racial category, and maternal smoking are all overrepresented in the drug-using groups that are studied. In a most extensive study, New York City SIDS rates were calculated in 1.2 million births from 1979 to 1989. Maternal opiate use, after control for high-risk variables, increased the risk of SIDS by three to four times that of the general population.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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