Needle And Syringe Exchanges

AND HIV/AIDS The first syringe exchange (SE) program was begun in 1984 in Amsterdam, the NETHERLANDS, out of concern for the spread of hepatitis B among INJECTING DRUG USERS (IDUs). While the hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human T cell lymphotropic virus can all cause fatal illness and are all spread through multiperson use ("sharing") of drug-injection equipment, the threat of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has clearly become the dominant force in implementing needle- and syringe-exchange programs throughout the world.

HIV is the causative agent for ACQUIRED

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