Need For A Comprehensive Plan

Few epidemiological studies have been undertaken primarily due to an underestimation of gambling's impact on all levels of the community. Most communities lack a comprehensive approach and systematic methodology to determine the overall value of gambling to the community. Given the rush to profit from the popularity of gambling, most state and local governments have not systematically planned (e.g., articulated-short and long-term goals) and conducted a comprehensive study of the likely impact of new or significantly expanded gambling on their communities. Economic projections and gambling regulation have been the primary interests. Consequences can be enormous if initial assessments are not comprehensive, thorough, and accurate. Once gambling is introduced, it is very difficult to roll it back as governments become highly dependent on the revenue. Further, evaluation and monitoring programs have typically not been set up to assess the impact of gambling on communities over time. Needed are the short- and long-term assessment of social costs, the extent to which projected economic benefits have been met and sustained, and the extent to which gambling has changed the communities in other positive and negative ways (NGISC, 1999).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

American Gaming Association. (1998). Responsible gaming resource guide. Washington, DC: Author.

BARRY, G. (1998). Seven billion gambling market predicted. Interactive Gambling News.

CHRISTIANSEN, E. M. (1998). Gambling and the American economy. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 556, 36-52.

Connecticut Council on Problem Gambling. (1997). Investing and gambling problems. Guilford, CT: Author.

GERSTEIN, D., ET AL. (1999). Gambling impact and behavior study. Final report to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center.

Lesieur, H. (1998). Costs and treatment of pathological gambling. In The annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 556, 153-171.

National Gambling Impact Study Commission (1999). National Gambling Impact Study Commission report. Washington, DC: Author.

National Research Council (1999). Pathological gambling: A critical review. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

University of Michigan Survey Research Center (1976). Report for Commission on the review of the national policy toward gambling. Ann Arbor, MI: Author.

MarvinA. Steinberg

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