Heather L Kimmel

Learning, Conditioning, and Drug Effects—An Overview The effects of abused drugs can be examined at many levels, ranging from the molecular to the cellular to the behavioral. Each of these research areas contributes significant information to understanding the mechanisms by which drugs of abuse and alcohol produce their diverse effects. The most tangible sign of both immediate and long-term actions of abused drugs is their effects on behavior. Often it is incorrectly assumed that behavior is a passive reflection of more significant events occurring at a different and (usually) more molecular level. Understanding those cellular events is occasionally viewed as the key to understanding drug abuse and to intervention strategies. In fact, however, behavior itself and the variables that control it play a prominent and often profound role in directly determining drug action and, most likely, those cellular and molecular events that participate in behavior and in the ef fects of drugs. The variables that guide and influence behavior also affect molecular substructures—therefore, behavioral and neurobiological processes are interdependent.

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Alcoholism is something that can't be formed in easy terms. Alcoholism as a whole refers to the circumstance whereby there's an obsession in man to keep ingesting beverages with alcohol content which is injurious to health. The circumstance of alcoholism doesn't let the person addicted have any command over ingestion despite being cognizant of the damaging consequences ensuing from it.

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