Heather L Kimmel

Learning, Conditioning, and Drug Effects—An Overview The effects of abused drugs can be examined at many levels, ranging from the molecular to the cellular to the behavioral. Each of these research areas contributes significant information to understanding the mechanisms by which drugs of abuse and alcohol produce their diverse effects. The most tangible sign of both immediate and long-term actions of abused drugs is their effects on behavior. Often it is incorrectly assumed that behavior is a passive reflection of more significant events occurring at a different and (usually) more molecular level. Understanding those cellular events is occasionally viewed as the key to understanding drug abuse and to intervention strategies. In fact, however, behavior itself and the variables that control it play a prominent and often profound role in directly determining drug action and, most likely, those cellular and molecular events that participate in behavior and in the ef fects of drugs. The variables that guide and influence behavior also affect molecular substructures—therefore, behavioral and neurobiological processes are interdependent.

Drug Free Life

Drug Free Life

How To Beat Drugs And Be On Your Way To Full Recovery. In this book, you will learn all about: Background Info On Drugs, Psychological Treatments Statistics, Rehab, Hypnosis and Much MORE.

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