Controversy And Demise

Throughout the history of the DA&A program, the Social Security Administration relegated it to the Agency's backwaters. With no specific appropriations from Congress to ensure that DA&As received treatment or were separated from the rolls for failing to participate, and with no resources to thoroughly investigate the relationship of representative payees to beneficiaries, the Agency allowed the program to drift. However, it attracted a great deal of critical and unwanted attention as it began to grow rapidly. Beginning in 1991, the program was the subject of unflattering reports from federal watchdog agencies and a mounting number of highly publicized incidents involving DA&As using benefits to purchase drugs and signing up representative payees (like bartenders) with little fiduciary interest in them. The more scandalous claims about the program were largely unfounded, but the DA&A program was repugnant to many legislators and representatives of the alcohol and drug treatment community who saw it to be ''enabling'' addiction. Moreover, the program's rapid growth, and the Social Security Administration's apparent inability to curb it, lent credence to the claim that it was an entitlement program ''out of control'' in an era of bipartisan fiscal retrenchment.

In August 1994, after Congressional hearings and national media coverage (almost exclusively negative), Congress limited DA&A benefits to three years, reiterated the necessity to participate in treatment, and made DI DA&As subject to treat ment and representative payee requirements for the first time. Although Social Security Administration made no efforts to defend the DA&A program, it worked very hard to implement treatment referral and monitoring arrangements in all of the states. But as it did so, the November 1994 elections shifted control of the House of Representatives to conservative Republicans who were hostile to the DA&A program. As house welfare reform legislation shaped up during 1995, it became clear the DA&A program would be terminated.

On March 29, 1996 Congress eliminated the DA&A category in the Social Security disability programs, the first time any qualifying impairment had been legislated out of existence. The benefits of 209,000 recipients of SSI and DI were to cease after 1996 unless they applied for redetermination and were reclassified on the basis of other impairments (mental illness, for example). Only 34 percent had been reclassified to the rolls by the end of 1997.

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Alcoholism is something that can't be formed in easy terms. Alcoholism as a whole refers to the circumstance whereby there's an obsession in man to keep ingesting beverages with alcohol content which is injurious to health. The circumstance of alcoholism doesn't let the person addicted have any command over ingestion despite being cognizant of the damaging consequences ensuing from it.

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