Additional Drug Enforcement Complications

The ''war against drugs'' continued to expand. In 1972, President Nixon established two new drug agencies in the Department of Justice—the Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement (ODALE) and the Office of National Narcotics Intelligence (ONNI). ODALE's operational involvement with state and local law enforcement against local drug dealers was intended to complement BNDD's focus on high level traffickers. ODALE, however, depended on existing federal agencies for agents and attorneys, and BNDD was required to lend over 200 narcotics agents to ODALE. The additional antidrug agencies, combined with sensational reporting of con flicts between special agents from BNDD and Customs, added to the public perception of fragmentation and disorder in federal drug law enforcement.

In early 1973, another presidential reorganization plan was designed to eliminate the overlap and duplication of effort in drug enforcement. A factual assessment of the BNDD/Customs situation, provided to the Congress by the chief of OMB's Federal Drug Management Division, Walter C. Minnick, reported ''Having attempted formal guidelines, informal cooperation and specific Cabinet-level mediation, all without success, the President concluded in March of 1972 that merging the drug investigative and intelligence responsibilities of Customs and BNDD into a single new agency was the only way to put a permanent end to the problem.'' Under Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1973, BNDD, ODALE, and ONNI were eliminated; their functions and resources, along with 500 Customs special agents (those previously involved in drug investigations), were consolidated in the new Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in the Department of Justice.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bonafede, D. (1970). Nixon seeks to heal top-level feud between customs, narcotics units. National Journal, 2(15), 750-751. BONAFEDE, D. (1970). Nixon approves drug guidelines, gives role to Narcotic Bureau. National Journal, 2 (29), 1532-1534. Finlator, J. (1973). The drugged nation. New York:

Simon & Schuster. Moore, M. H. (1978). Reorganization Plan #2 reviewed: Problems in implementing a strategy to reduce the supply of drugs to illicit markets in the United States. Public Policy, 26(2), 229-262. RACHAL, P. (1982). Federal narcotics enforcement. Boston: Auburn House. U.S. Congress, Senate, Committee on Government Operations. (1973). Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1973, Hearings before the Subcommittee on Reorganization, Research, and International Organizations. 93rd Congress, 1st sess., Part 1. April 12,13, and 26,1973. Washington, DC.

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